Collingwood Library

For American Patriots

War of Independence

Causes of the War

The first part of the war was between the North and South America, the colonists was triggered by die war costs of the Angle-French. To the British, the American lands was only useful to them for providing raw materials, the lands were restricted and controlled.

There was a new interest in exploring the American Colonies, they wanted to start moving the colonies. They decided to draw borders by the colonies so the land to the left of the existing colonies was given to the Indians, who was going to be convinced to deal with British goods. The new colonies were told to go to the North as they could produce timber for the navy. The next step for tension increasing was with the new Act’s that came into power, the one that caused the most uprising was the Stamp Act, were the people had to pay tax on paper. The Americans opposed this Act and had to come up with a successful way of raising money in a years’ time in order for the Act to fall away. The problem came when they did not provide a solution, instead they organised an opposition to the Act.

War of Independence1

Next attempt from the government to raise money was the Revenue Act, this was indirect taxes on the trade, and they said that these taxes could funds many necessary things for the colonies. Unlike the Stamp Act, the new indirect taxes caused more problems as the people now started to protest against it on both sides of the Atlantic.

The taxation went on with further impact as the British merchants also protest as their products was being boycotted. The governments managed to keep the protesting under control and for the next three years they seemed to manage the colonies. The gulf gave the final punch that lead to the war, it was the financial losses of the British East India Company. A new policy on the tax made the colonies worried and they started to boycott the Tea industry, the colonies started to smuggle the Tea so that they could still get money in.

Start of the War

When the war started the first shots had been fired in Massachusetts, the fighting started when a minor spat. The first organised attack had leaked and was unsuccessful, but the news of the fighting had started to spread very quickly. Gage captured their position by taking over the hills that overlooked Boston and tried for the harbour. They tried to capture the American position, but they failed and had lost half of their forces, many had been wounded so bad that they could not fight anymore. The Bunker Hill had wiped out most of the British army in the next year.

The end of the War

The war ended when the news of the surrender reached London, but the war against France and Spain still went on.

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