War of 1801-1805
By the early 1801, the bashaw of Tripoli had become upset with the Unites States as they had not paid the money owed to him. The was happened beyond North America and lasted a little more than four years, the Navy had blocked Tripoli and limited access to and from for the Tripolitan ships. A big setback happened in 1803 where a ship was stranded and the rescue failed badly. The captain had surrendered where he and the crew became hostages for the whole duration of the conflict. One of the most horrible events in US naval history would be a night in February 1804, a Captain took his crew od seventy men and fire to the Ship of Tripoli so that they could not use it against any other American ships.
Conclusion of the War
With the conclusion of the war in 1805, there was a national wave of pride with the Americans, this inspired songs and paintings. There was a small debate that if the original fight plan would have been followed, the Americans would have had a more glorious victory in the end. The US government had a small attempt to provide some part of the treaty. Only after wards was it discovered that there was an added clause to say that Pasha had to wait four years before he could return his family.
On 10 June 1805 the peace treaty was signed and in Article 2 they said the following:
The Bashaw of Tripoli will deliver to the American all their captives and that the sum of sixty thousand dollars have to be paid of the difference between the prisoners. At that time many people thought that paying for the freedom of prisoners was a good reason to end the war.
The first Tripoli War was beneficial to the U.S military’s reputation, as they tested the war machines. The war also showed that the Americans can start and fight a war far from their home. After the War the U.S Navy and the Marines became part of the American history and government. By 1807, the Algiers had started again to take American seamen and ships hostage. The Americans was so preoccupied by the preludes of the War of 1812 that they were unable to help or respond, this had led to the Second Tripoli (Barbary) War.
The Tripoli Monument is the oldest military one in the Unites Stated, it honours the American heroes of the first Tripoli (Barbary) War. The monument was moved from its original location in the Washington Navy Yard to the United States Naval Academy in Maryland in 1860.
Tripoli During the Reign of Pasha Yusuf Qaramanli, 1979. By Kola Folayan
The Crescent Obscured: The United States and the Muslim World 1776–1815, 1995 by Robert J. Allison
Six Frigates: The Epic History of the Founding of the U.S Navy by Ian W. Toll
Jefferson’s War: America’s First War on Terror 1801-1805 by Joseph Wheelan
The Pirate Coast: Thomas Jefferson, the First Marines & the Secret Mission of 1805 by Richard Zacks
To the Shores of Tripoli the Birth of the US Navy and Marines by A.B.C. Whipple